Using Linux - Files and Directories

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This page is a part of the Linux and CS Systems Bootcamp

With the terminal you can create, copy, move, and delete files and directories. The following are the most important commands to do this.

  • cd - change directory
  • mkdir - make a new directory
  • ls - list directory contents
  • cp - copy files
  • rm - remove files (be careful, there is no recycle bin or trash - once you delete, it's gone)
  • rmdir - remove directory
  • nano - simple text editor

And here is a transcript of the use of these commands on the CS server.

cs299@cs:~> pwd
cs299@cs:~> mkdir new-dir1
cs299@cs:~> mkdir new-dir2
cs299@cs:~> nano hello.txt
cs299@cs:~> ls
bin/  hello.txt  new-dir1/  new-dir2/  proto/
cs299@cs:~> cp hello.txt new-dir1
cs299@cs:~> cp hello.txt new-dir2/hello2.txt
cs299@cs:~> ls new-dir1
cs299@cs:~> ls new-dir2
cs299@cs:~> mv new-dir2 new-dir3
cs299@cs:~> ls
bin/  hello.txt  new-dir1/  new-dir3/  proto/
cs299@cs:~> rm hello.txt 
cs299@cs:~> ls
bin/  new-dir1/  new-dir3/  proto/
cs299@cs:~> rmdir new-dir3
rmdir: failed to remove 'new-dir3': Directory not empty
cs299@cs:~> rm new-dir3/hello2.txt 
cs299@cs:~> rmdir new-dir3
cs299@cs:~> ls
bin/  new-dir1/  proto/